Acne



Acne is a skin condition with a wide etiology and with yet undefined causes. Most common ones are Acne vulgaris.
Acne vulgaris are inflammatory skin changes that occur in the area of hair follicles and attached sebaceous glands. They occur most often during puberty. One of the causes is considered an abnormal response to an otherwise normal level of male hormone testosterone. Acne is usually lost around the age of twenty, but sometimes can last for ten more years.

The most common causes of acne are changes in hormonal activity, especially during puberty and the menstrual cycle, skin irritation, anabolic steroids, pregnancy, polycystic ovaries, Cushings syndrome, menopause and estrogen deficiency. Increased secretion of the sebaceous glands together with the closure of the pores on the skin by dead epidermis cells creates an ideal environment for bacteria like: Propinibacterum Acnes and Staphylococcus Epidermidis.



Small lesions on the skin start appearing. There are several types:
-    Comedones,
-    Papules
-    Pustules
-    Small nodules
-    Inflamed cysts

They occur on the face, back, shoulders, upper parts of the hand.
Because of its resistance, i.e. repeated occurrence, and in the case of some acne also acne scaring, they can lead to depression and psychological problems.

Acne is not just a problem of adolescence. It is quite often encountered by adults. In later stages, they appear as part of the clinical picture of rosacea (Acne rosacea).
Acne tend to be major causes of psychological problems, insecurities, and as such is often underestimated. All who struggle with acne problems also struggle with prejudices. They also feel less of themselves in communications with others.
Modern dermatology has numerous therapeutic possibilities.


Acne can be treated locally with ointments and lotions as well as systemic with medications. In milder forms, local therapy is sufficient, but in more serious cases drugs with special purposes and actions are included.
Substances for disinfection are used as well as antibiotics that prevent growth of bacteria, which causes acne.
Anyone who has acne problem must be armed with patience since these kinds of problems do not go away overnight.
For patients that are treated for acne, one of the most important is proper and regular skin hygiene. This includes at least one product for cleaning and one skin care cream. In any case, it must be a properly selected product in accordance with your therapy since choosing the wrong product can cause skin deterioration.
Many products that are commercially available are often too aggressive and can lead to skin deterioration.
There is also hormone therapy, but it must be carried out by medical specialists who will strictly control the progress of therapy.
Regarding food, medical tests are very contradictory, but it is certain that healthy food and a balanced diet is a good basis for treating acne as well as staying in fresh air and regular physical activity.

Caelestia CS




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